Filing taxes is one of life’s responsibilities that we simply cannot avoid. At some point, we all file taxes on our own. Filing a tax return for the first time can be intimidating. Here is a guide for first-time taxpayers with filing tips and common mistakes to avoid.
Determine if You Need to File
It may have been your first year being employed, but you might not be required to file a tax return. Calculate all gross income you earned this past year, even if the job was nontraditional like gig work or freelancing. Remember gross income is the amount you earned before taxes or deductions were taken out. There are a lot of rules surrounding filing requirements, but in 2024, you must file if you meet one of the following scenarios:
Age at the end of 2023
Must file if gross income is at least:
65 or Older
Head of Household
Head of Household
65 or Older
Married Filing Jointly
Under 65 (Both Spouses)
Married Filing Jointly
65 or Older (One Spouse)
Married Filing Jointly
65 or Older (Both Spouses)
Married Filing Separate
65 or Older
The rules are different if your parents provide financial assistance, either through living expenses, education, or a monthly allowance. If this is the case, your parents might be able to claim you as a dependent. If you can be claimed on someone else’s tax return as a dependent, you still might have to file a tax return of your own. Single dependents must do so if any of the following applied to them in 2023:
Unearned income was more than $1,250
Earned income was more than $13,850
Gross income was more than the larger of:
Earned income (up to $13,450) plus $400
These same criteria apply to married dependents as well. Furthermore, they have an additional criterion that applies:
Gross income was at least $5, and spouse filed separately and itemized their deductions
Remember, unearned income includes any money earned by doing nothing. Examples include investment income or rental property income. Earned income is the money you earn from work like salaries, tips, and self-employment income.
Decide How to File
The easiest and fastest way to file a tax return is electronically. You can use a tax software to prepare and file a return for you if your tax situation is simple. The IRS offers free tax preparation through IRS Free File, a program ideal for young and first-time filers. There is also online tax preparation software that is free for simple federal tax filings.
Collect All Your Tax Documents
If you’re a first-time filer you might need the following items to file:
Education expense forms, including Form 1098-T, receipts, scholarship records
Social security number
Routing and account numbers for direct deposit
Dependent information (if applicable), including names, date of birth, SSNs, etc.
Find Credits and Deductions
Even first-time filers are eligible for credits and deductions. A tax credit is a dollar-for-dollar reduction of your income. Some credits you may be eligible for are:
American Opportunity Tax Credit
Worth up to $2,500 per student, the AOTC allows you to claim a credit for tuition, fees and course materials. You can use Form 1098-T to determine your credit amount. Your school will either mail this form or make it available to you by January 31 each year. You cannot claim this credit if you are listed as a dependent on another tax return or earn above certain income limits. Just be sure you are eligible for this credit before claiming it. If you wrongly claim it, the IRS can make you pay back the amount you received, plus interest.
Lifetime Learning Credit
This credit is worth up to $2,000 per tax return and is for qualified tuition and related expenses paid for education, excluding course materials. You cannot claim this credit if you are listed as a dependent on another tax return or earn above certain income limits.
A tax deduction is a reduction of taxable income to lower your tax bill. You can claim the standard deduction of $13,850 for single filers in tax year 2023, as it will likely result in a lower tax bill than if you were to itemize deductions. Additionally, you can deduct student loan interest payments you make even if you do not itemize deductions. If you use your car for business purposes, you can deduct your mileage. The 2023 standard mileage rate is 65.5 cents per mile.
File By the Deadline
Now that you’re ready to file, you should be sure to submit your return by the tax deadline. In 2024, the deadline is April 15th. If you are getting a refund, you can have it sent by paper check or direct deposit. Direct deposit is the fastest way to receive your federal refund and you can track its status on the IRS website. You can also track your state refund online.
Tax Help for First-Time Taxpayers
First-time filers should note that filling your tax return by the tax deadline is critical. If you prepare your return and find that you owe taxes, don’t panic. You will need to pay your tax bill by the April deadline or request an extension to file. If approved, you have until October 16, 2024. Do not ignore your tax bill as this can lead to greater financial stress later. You should also figure out why you owe so you can avoid this problem again next tax season. Common reasons for owing are not withholding enough taxes during the year or not making quarterly estimated payments if you do not withhold any taxes from your income. When in doubt, ask for help. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over $1 billion in resolved tax liabilities.
Sometimes after a loved one dies, we must deal with grief, funeral planning, and an estate. In some cases, we inherit assets from a deceased loved one. Unfortunately, not much in this life comes for free, and even the things we inherit can cost us. In this article, we will take a closer look at estate and inheritance taxes, including who is affected by them and how they work.
What Are Estate Taxes?
Estate taxes are federal taxes levied on the entire taxable estate of a deceased individual. The IRS taxes based on the asset’s current market value. The IRS exempts estates worth less than $12.92 million in 2023 and $13.61 million in 2024. The amounts are per person. If the estate is worth more, it’s taxed according to the following rates:
18% of taxable income
$1,800 plus 20% of amount over $10,000
$3,800 plus 22% of amount over $20,000
$8,200 plus 24% of amount over $40,000
$13,000 plus 26% of amount over $60,000
$18,200 plus 28% of amount over $80,000
$23,800 plus 30% of amount over $100,000
$38,800 plus 32% of amount over $150,000
$70,800 plus 34% of amount over $250,000
$155,800 plus 37% of amount over $500,000
$248,300 plus 39% of amount over $750,000
$1,000,001 and up
$345,800 plus 40% of amount over $1,000,000
State Estate Tax Exemptions
Some states impose their own estate taxes. In general, your estate tax bill is subtracted from the value of your taxable estate before you calculate what you might owe the IRS. There are a handful of states that impose an estate tax. These are Connecticut, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington. Here are their individual exemption amounts.
District of Columbia
Your estate assets pay any federal and state taxes before they are distributed to beneficiaries. Typically, the executor of the estate is responsible for making tax payments. They also confirm there are no other liabilities due, and then distribute the remaining assets.
What Are Inheritance Taxes?
Inheritance taxes are state taxes levied on a deceased individual’s assets. The beneficiaries are usually responsible for paying these taxes. The amount owed is based on the total value of the estate. The assets can be anything from money to stocks to property. Currently, six states impose an inheritance tax:
Iowa is preparing to eliminate its inheritance tax for deaths on or after January 1, 2025. Your tax rate is typically based on your relationship to the decedent. Surviving spouses are almost always exempt from this tax. In some states, so are sons, daughters, and parents of the deceased. Usually, you would pay a higher rate if you had no familial relationship with the decedent.
Inheritance taxes come into effect after the estate is divided and distributed to the appropriate beneficiaries. Typically, each state will have their own exemption rules. In other words, the assets are taxed after they reach a certain value. For example, if your state imposes a 5% tax on inheritances larger than $3 million, and you inherited $5 million in assets, you will pay tax on $2 million.
How Can I Reduce Estate and Inheritance Taxes?
We know taxes are the furthest thing from your mind when grieving the death of a loved one. Alternatively, preparing a will should not have to result in worry. If you are planning to leave behind assets for your loved ones after death, you can reduce estate taxes. For example, you can pay for educational or medical expenses from your estate. These payments will be exempt from taxes if the funds go directly to the provider. Also, setting up an irrevocable trust or life insurance trust (ILIT) can help ensure that assets are not used to pay taxes. A team of expert tax professionals can help. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations.
The IRS has announced the new mileage rates for 2024. This topic holds significance for countless individuals and businesses across the United States. Whether you’re self-employed, a small business owner, or an employee who uses your vehicle for work-related purposes, understanding the 2024 IRS mileage rates is crucial. In this article, we’ll delve into what these rates are, why they matter, and how they may impact you.
What Are IRS Mileage Rates?
The IRS mileage rates, also known as the standard mileage rates, are set by the IRS. They determine the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business, charitable, medical, or moving purposes. These rates are designed to simplify the process of calculating deductions for vehicle-related expenses.
Why Do IRS Mileage Rates Matter?
There are several reasons taxpayers, particularly business owners, should stay up to date on the IRS mileage rates.
The most obvious reason IRS mileage rates matter is their impact on tax deductions. If you use your vehicle for eligible purposes, you can deduct a portion of your vehicle-related expenses from your taxable income using these rates. You can do this by using the IRS mileage rates. This is much easier than tracking actual vehicle expenses, like depreciation, gas, insurance, and more, using the actual expenses method.
For businesses, the IRS mileage rates play a crucial role in cost management. For example, they help companies determine and reimburse employees for their personal vehicles for business purposes without requiring detailed records of actual expenses. The predictability of the IRS mileage rates allows businesses to budget more effectively for transportation-related expenses. This can be especially important for industries or businesses where travel is a significant part of operations.
The IRS mileage rates simplify record-keeping, as they provide a standard rate for mileage deductions. This eliminates the need to track every expense related to your vehicle and allows you to use a straightforward calculation.
The 2024 IRS Mileage Rates
As of 2024, the IRS mileage rates have been adjusted to reflect changes in the cost of operating a vehicle. These rates are as follows:
Business Mileage Rate: The standard mileage rate for business-related driving in 2024 is 67 cents per mile. This is an increase from the 2023 rate of 65.5 cents per mile. If you use your vehicle for business purposes, you can use this rate to calculate your deductible expenses. For example, if you travel 10,000 miles for business purposes in 2024, you can deduct $6,700 using the standard mileage rate (10,000 miles x $0.67).
Medical and Moving Mileage Rate: For medical-related travel and moving expenses, the IRS mileage rate for 2024 is 21 cents per mile. This is a 1 cent decrease from 2023’s rate of 22 cents per mile. Individuals who have eligible medical expenses or are moving for work can use this rate to claim deductions.
Charitable Mileage Rate: The 2024 mileage rate for driving for charitable purposes remains unchanged at 14 cents per mile. This rate is set by law and is typically not subject to annual adjustments.
Impact on Individuals and Businesses
The updated IRS mileage rates for 2024 will have different implications for individuals and businesses:
Companies that reimburse employees for business-related travel can now use the 67 cents per mile rate, which has increased. Consequently, employees may receive higher reimbursements. Businesses need to update their expense policies to align with the new mileage rates to ensure accurate reimbursement and tax compliance.
Businesses and individuals should note some important limitations surrounding the standard mileage rate.
Generally, taxpayers must use the standard mileage rate in the first year that a vehicle is used for business purposes. This means that they generally may not deduct actual expenses in the first year.
Taxpayers with leased vehicles must use one method only for the entire lease period. For example, if they choose to use the standard mileage rate in the first year, they must continue to use the standard mileage rate for the entire lease period.
Overall, understanding the 2024 IRS mileage rates is essential for anyone who uses their vehicle for business, medical, moving, or charitable purposes. These rates simplify the process of claiming deductions, managing costs, and ensuring compliance with tax regulations. It’s advisable to keep detailed records of your mileage. Also, consult with a tax professional to maximize your deductions and stay up to date with any changes in tax laws or rates. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations.
Tax season is approaching, and it can be a daunting time for many individuals and businesses alike. Navigating the complex landscape of tax regulations and ensuring compliance can be overwhelming. Fortunately, tax professionals, like those at Optima Tax Relief, are here to provide expert guidance and assistance. We spoke to three of our long-standing tax professionals about actions taxpayers can take (or avoid) to improve their tax situations. Vice President of Resolution and Lead Tax Attorney, Philip Hwang, Director of Resolution, Carlos Maggi, and Audit Tax Professional, Rafael Garcia, draw on their wealth of experience and offer eight invaluable pieces of advice to help you navigate the intricacies of tax season.
If You Own a Business, Treat the IRS Like a Silent Partner
The IRS is your silent business partner. That said, always remember to save a percentage of your earnings in order to keep your business partner happy! In other words, set aside and pay your estimated tax payments. Also make sure you keep well organized income and expense records. The more organized you are with your expense records, the less you pay your silent partner, the IRS.
Make Sure You’re Withholding Enough Taxes
Make sure you are withholding the proper amount or making the correct amount of estimated tax payments for both federal and state. That is unless you live in a state with no income tax. If you owe taxes year after year, it is time to increase your withholdings or estimated tax payments. Set aside additional withholdings from retirement distributions. Most retirement plans withhold the bare minimum required by law. However, this amount is usually not enough to cover most taxpayers’ resultant tax liability.
Pay Down Your Tax Balance ASAP
Interest will continue to compound and accrue on your tax debt until it is paid in full. As such, make every effort to pay your balance off. If you have the affordability, make voluntary payments even if you are on an installment agreement. Any amount above your installment agreement payment will help save you interest in the long run. The quicker you pay off your balance, the less interest you will pay.
Always File Your Tax Return on Time
File your returns on time, regardless of whether you owe or will get a refund. If you owe, the IRS will charge you a failure to file penalty of 5% of the amount owed on the return for every month the return is late. The penalty caps out at 25% of your total balance. If you are due a refund, you have three years from the date the return was due to claim the refund. If you don’t claim it within this timeframe, you lose it.
Don’t Be Tempted to Stretch Items on Your Tax Return
Be accurate when preparing returns. It may be tempting to stretch to claim additional credits as well as deductions, but it’s not worth the accuracy penalties or stress during an examination. Keep your tax returns and all supporting documentation for at least 3 years after filing. If you are audited, you will be prepared to provide all your information to your representative.
Take Tax Planning Seriously
Tax planning is the best legal strategy to lower your tax liability. If you strategically plan your taxes, you can not only reduce your tax liability but also ensure you comply with tax laws and regulations. This will help you avoid penalties, fines and any future legal issues. Working with a trusted tax professional is always highly recommended.
Let Your Tax Professional Handle the IRS
If you hire a representative, refer any IRS agents to your representative when they contact you. Do not allow the agent to pressure you into making decisions or providing information without first consulting your representative. It is your right as a taxpayer to have representation. Additionally, do not contact the IRS without your representative’s knowledge as you may inadvertently cause delays to your account.
A lot of tax issues are time sensitive. The sooner you act or find help, the better off you will be in getting optimal outcomes. Don’t lose out on the key taxpayer’s right to appeal and more importantly, act today to mitigate those failure to pay penalties and compounding daily interest. Taxes can be a daunting topic, but action is the first key step in setting yourself up for success.
Tax Help from Optima Tax Relief
Tax season doesn’t have to be a source of stress and anxiety. By following the advice of Optima Tax Relief tax professionals, you can navigate the complexities of the tax landscape with confidence. From staying organized and honest to seeking professional advice from a tax professional and taking tax planning seriously, these tips can help ensure a smoother and more successful tax season for individuals and businesses alike. Remember, the key to financial success during tax season lies in preparation, knowledge, and proactive decision-making. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations.
This content is made available for informational and educational purposes only. Nothing included in the content should be taken as a guarantee, warranty, prediction, or representation about your specific situation. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice and services. We encourage you to consult with a tax professional to discuss your specific tax matters. Individual results may vary. We do not provide tax, financial, bankruptcy, accounting, or legal advice and nothing contained in this content is intended nor shall be construed as such.
Optima Tax Relief is a tax resolution firm independent from the IRS.
It’s a new year and with that may come new financial resolutions. One we hear often is the desire to learn to invest. Trading stocks can be a thrilling venture, providing investors with the opportunity to grow their wealth and achieve financial goals. However, it’s essential to understand that the gains and losses incurred in the stock market can have significant implications on your tax liability. Understanding what’s expected when you file can keep you out of trouble with the IRS. This article aims to shed light on the various ways stock trading affects your taxes and the key considerations to keep in mind.
Capital Gains and Losses
One of the primary tax implications of stock trading revolves around capital gains and losses. When you sell a stock for a profit, it results in a capital gain, and when you sell at a loss, it leads to a capital loss. These gains and losses can be categorized into two types: short-term and long-term.
Short-term Capital Gains Tax
This tax applies to profits from sold assets that were held for a year or less.
These are taxed at your ordinary income tax rate, which can be higher than the rate for long-term gains.
Long-term Capital Gains Tax
The long-term variant of this tax applies to sold assets held for longer than a year. The rates are 0%, 15%, or 20% depending on your filing status and taxable income. It’s important to note that long-term capital gains tax rates are usually lower, so it may work in your best interest to hold that stock for a little longer.
The long-term capital gains tax rates for tax year 2023 are as follows:
Single filers with taxable income up to $44,625: 0% capital gains tax rate
Single filers with taxable income between $44,626 and $492,300: 15% capital gains tax rate
Single filers with taxable income over $492,300: 20% capital gains tax rate
Married couples filing jointly with taxable income up to $89,250: 0% capital gains tax rate
Married couples filing jointly with taxable income between $89,251 and $553,850: 15% capital gains tax rate
Married couples filing jointly with taxable income over $553,850: 20% capital gains tax rate
How Dividends Affect Taxes
There are two types of dividends and they’re usually considered taxable income, qualified and nonqualified. Qualified dividend rates range from 0%, 15%, or 20% (the same rule for long-term capital gains tax). Nonqualified dividends are ordinary dividends that have the same tax rate as your income bracket. Taxpayers in higher brackets typically pay more taxes on dividends. Overall, dividend investments can drastically alter your tax bill.
Wash Sale Rule
The wash sale rule is an important consideration for investors looking to minimize their tax liability. According to this rule, if you sell a stock at a loss and repurchase a substantially identical security within 30 days before or after the sale, the loss may be disallowed for tax purposes. This rule prevents investors from selling a stock to realize a loss for tax purposes and then immediately buying it back.
Day Trading and Business Expenses
For individuals engaged in day trading as a business, expenses related to trading activities may be deductible. This can include costs such as trading platform fees, education expenses, certain types of interest, and home office expenses if trading from home. However, the IRS has specific criteria for qualifying as a trader. For example, the amount of time spent trading, holding periods, and more can help the IRS distinguish between day traders and investors. It’s crucial to meet those criteria to claim these deductions.
Properly reporting your stock trades is essential to avoid potential issues with the IRS. Form 1099-B, provided by your broker, details your capital gains and losses. You may also need Form 8949, Sales and Other Dispositions of Capital Assets. It’s crucial to accurately report this information on your tax return, including any adjustments or additional documentation required for specific situations.
How to Reduce Taxes on Stocks
Long-Term Capital Gains Tax: Ensuring your gains are taxed as long-term can greatly reduce your taxes on stocks. If possible, you should hold onto your assets for a little longer than a year. Long-term capital gains tax rates are often lower when you sell your stocks.
Tax-Loss Harvesting: Offset capital gains by strategically selling investments that have incurred losses. This practice, known as tax-loss harvesting, allows you to use capital losses to offset capital gains, thereby reducing your overall tax liability.
Use Tax-Efficient Investment Vehicles: Certain investment vehicles, such as index funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs), are known for being tax-efficient. They typically generate fewer capital gains distributions compared to actively managed funds, potentially reducing your tax exposure.
Understand Dividend Taxation: Be aware of the tax implications of dividend income. Qualified dividends are taxed at lower rates than ordinary income. Consider investing in stocks that pay qualified dividends to take advantage of these lower tax rates.
Consult with a Tax Professional: Tax laws are complex and subject to change. Consulting with a qualified tax professional or financial advisor can provide personalized advice based on your specific financial situation and goals.
Tax Help for Stock Traders
While stock trading offers the potential for financial gains, it’s important to be aware of the tax implications associated with these activities. Understanding the rules regarding capital gains, the wash sale rule, dividend taxation, business expenses, and reporting requirements can help investors navigate the complex landscape of stock trading and ensure compliance with tax regulations. Seeking advice from tax professionals or financial advisors is advisable to optimize your tax strategy and make informed decisions in the dynamic world of stock trading. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations.
Losing a spouse is an emotionally overwhelming experience, and unfortunately, for many widows, the challenges extend beyond the realm of grief. The “widow’s penalty” refers to the financial disadvantages that widows often face after the death of their partners. This penalty manifests in various forms, from reduced Social Security benefits to inflated Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) to potential estate tax issues. In this article, we will explore the different aspects of the widow’s penalty and discuss potential strategies for navigating these challenges.
What is the Widow’s Penalty?
In simple terms, the widow’s penalty refers to a situation where a surviving spouse may experience a reduction in their overall income or financial benefits, but an increase in taxes, after their partner passes away. A common scenario illustrating the widow’s penalty involves the reduction of Social Security benefits for the surviving spouse after the death of their partner. It may also include RMDs. RMDs, or Required Minimum Distributions, are the minimum amounts of money that individuals with retirement accounts must withdraw from their accounts each year once they reach a certain age.
Widow’s Penalty Example
Let’s explore a typical situation of the widow’s penalty. John and Mary, a married couple, have been receiving Social Security benefits based on their individual earnings records. John, the primary breadwinner, receives $50,000 per year. Mary receives $25,000 per year. In addition, John and Mary are over 73, so they must take RMDs of $60,000 per year. In this scenario, their married filing jointly tax bill comes out to about $11,000. Unfortunately, John passes away, leaving Mary as the surviving spouse.
Upon John’s death, Mary is entitled to survivor benefits, which generally amount to the greater of her own benefit or her deceased spouse’s benefit. In other words, Mary will start receiving John’s $50,000 instead of her $25,000. While this is an increase in her own individual income, Mary now earns $25,000 less than when John was alive. On top of that, Mary was John’s beneficiary, so she received all his investments including his retirement account. Because of this, she is still required to take the same RMD amount of $60,000 per year. The real issue is that now her tax filing status will change. She will be able to file jointly once more before she decides to file as a qualifying widow or as a single individual.
Filing as single instead of married filing jointly essentially doubles the amount of taxes paid. This is because the single filing status has less beneficial tax brackets and a much lower standard deduction. When Mary files as a single individual with her $50,000 in survivor benefits and $60,000 in RMDs, her tax bill will increase to about $17,000. So, even though Mary is receiving $25,000 less per year, she is paying $6,000 more in taxes. This is essentially a $31,000 penalty.
How to Navigate the Widow’s Penalty
Engaging in comprehensive financial planning is crucial for widows. This involves assessing the current financial situation and understanding sources of income. It’s important to take advantage of the married filing jointly tax status for as long as possible.
Widows should explore strategies to maximize Social Security benefits. This may involve delaying the receipt of benefits to increase the overall amount or considering spousal benefit options. Consulting with a Social Security expert can help widows navigate the complexities of the system.
Finally, couples should consider Roth conversions now, at least for some of their money. A Roth conversion is a financial strategy where funds from a traditional individual retirement account (IRA) or a qualified retirement plan, such as a 401(k), are transferred or “converted” into a Roth IRA. The distinguishing feature of a Roth IRA is that contributions are made with after-tax dollars, meaning that withdrawals in retirement, including any investment gains, can be tax-free. Roth IRAs do not have required minimum distribution (RMD) rules during the account owner’s lifetime. This means you can leave money in the Roth IRA for as long as you want, allowing potential for tax-free growth.
Tax Help for Widows
The widow’s penalty underscores the importance of proactive financial planning and education for individuals facing the loss of a spouse. By addressing Social Security disparities, navigating RMD considerations, and planning to reduce the penalties, widows can better position themselves to overcome the financial challenges that often accompany the grieving process. Seeking professional advice and support is key to developing a resilient financial plan that helps widows secure their financial future. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations.