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Where Do My Tax Dollars Go?

Where Do My Tax Dollars Go?

Every tax season, many of us are exposed to just how much of our income goes to the government. Many often wonder where tax dollars go. Taxes play a crucial role in sustaining a nation’s infrastructure, services, and public welfare. However, understanding where your tax money go can be a complex and often misunderstood aspect of government finance. In this article, we will explore the allocation of tax dollars, shedding light on the various sectors and services funded by taxpayer contributions. 

Social Programs 

A significant portion of tax dollars is directed towards social programs aimed at improving the quality of life for citizens. This includes funding for healthcare, education, and social assistance programs. Subsidies for low-income individuals and families, as well as financial aid for students, are vital components of this category. In 2023, 21% of the national budget, or $1.4 trillion, went to Social Security alone. Another $1.5 trillion went to health insurance programs and $477 billion funded veteran and government retiree programs. 

National Defense 

Ensuring national safety and security is a top priority, and a considerable portion of taxes pays for national defense. This includes funding for the military, intelligence agencies, and defense research. In 2023, an estimated $806 billion was expected to be spent on defense, which equated to 13% of the $6.3 trillion budget. The costs associated with maintaining a robust defense infrastructure, including personnel salaries, equipment, and technological advancements, contribute to this significant expenditure. 

Infrastructure Development 

Investing in infrastructure is essential for economic growth and the well-being of a society. In short, tax dollars go towards building and maintaining roads, bridges, public transportation, and other critical infrastructure projects. This allocation aims to enhance connectivity, facilitate trade, and improve overall living standards. 

Public Safety and Law Enforcement 

Maintaining law and order is another key area of government spending. Taxes fund police departments, fire services, emergency response units, and the judicial system. This allocation ensures the safety of citizens and the enforcement of laws that contribute to a stable and secure society. 

Debt Servicing 

Governments may accumulate debt over time to fund various projects or cover budget shortfalls. A portion of tax dollars is allocated to servicing the national deficit. Managing debt is crucial to maintaining a stable economy and preventing excessive financial burdens on future generations. At this point, the United States’ national deficit is at $34 trillion and our tax dollars help cover the interest payments.  

Foreign Aid 

Some tax dollars fund foreign aid programs, aiming to address global issues such as poverty, disease, and humanitarian crises. Foreign aid can also support diplomatic efforts and foster international cooperation. 

Tax Help for the 2024 Filing Season 

Understanding where tax dollars go is essential for citizens to make informed decisions and participate in the democratic process. In fact, by recognizing the diverse areas of government spending, individuals can engage in discussions about fiscal policies and advocate for the allocation of resources that align with their priorities. Transparent communication from governments regarding budgetary decisions is crucial in building trust and ensuring that tax dollars are used efficiently and effectively to benefit society. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over $1 billion in resolved tax liabilities.  

If You Need Tax Help, Contact Us Today for a Free Consultation 

2024 IRS Mileage Rates

2024 IRS Mileage Rates

The IRS has announced the new mileage rates for 2024. This topic holds significance for countless individuals and businesses across the United States. Whether you’re self-employed, a small business owner, or an employee who uses your vehicle for work-related purposes, understanding the 2024 IRS mileage rates is crucial. In this article, we’ll delve into what these rates are, why they matter, and how they may impact you.  

What Are IRS Mileage Rates? 

The IRS mileage rates, also known as the standard mileage rates, are set by the IRS. They determine the deductible costs of operating an automobile for business, charitable, medical, or moving purposes. These rates are designed to simplify the process of calculating deductions for vehicle-related expenses.   

Why Do IRS Mileage Rates Matter? 

There are several reasons taxpayers, particularly business owners, should stay up to date on the IRS mileage rates. 

Tax Deductions

The most obvious reason IRS mileage rates matter is their impact on tax deductions. If you use your vehicle for eligible purposes, you can deduct a portion of your vehicle-related expenses from your taxable income using these rates. You can do this by using the IRS mileage rates. This is much easier than tracking actual vehicle expenses, like depreciation, gas, insurance, and more, using the actual expenses method.  

Cost Management

For businesses, the IRS mileage rates play a crucial role in cost management. For example, they help companies determine and reimburse employees for their personal vehicles for business purposes without requiring detailed records of actual expenses. The predictability of the IRS mileage rates allows businesses to budget more effectively for transportation-related expenses. This can be especially important for industries or businesses where travel is a significant part of operations. 


The IRS mileage rates simplify record-keeping, as they provide a standard rate for mileage deductions. This eliminates the need to track every expense related to your vehicle and allows you to use a straightforward calculation.  

The 2024 IRS Mileage Rates 

As of 2024, the IRS mileage rates have been adjusted to reflect changes in the cost of operating a vehicle. These rates are as follows:  

  • Business Mileage Rate: The standard mileage rate for business-related driving in 2024 is 67 cents per mile. This is an increase from the 2023 rate of 65.5 cents per mile. If you use your vehicle for business purposes, you can use this rate to calculate your deductible expenses. For example, if you travel 10,000 miles for business purposes in 2024, you can deduct $6,700 using the standard mileage rate (10,000 miles x $0.67).  
  • Medical and Moving Mileage Rate: For medical-related travel and moving expenses, the IRS mileage rate for 2024 is 21 cents per mile. This is a 1 cent decrease from 2023’s rate of 22 cents per mile. Individuals who have eligible medical expenses or are moving for work can use this rate to claim deductions.  
  • Charitable Mileage Rate: The 2024 mileage rate for driving for charitable purposes remains unchanged at 14 cents per mile. This rate is set by law and is typically not subject to annual adjustments.  

Impact on Individuals and Businesses 

The updated IRS mileage rates for 2024 will have different implications for individuals and businesses:  

For Businesses: 

Companies that reimburse employees for business-related travel can now use the 67 cents per mile rate, which has increased. Consequently, employees may receive higher reimbursements. Businesses need to update their expense policies to align with the new mileage rates to ensure accurate reimbursement and tax compliance. 

For All: 

Businesses and individuals should note some important limitations surrounding the standard mileage rate.   

  1. Generally, taxpayers must use the standard mileage rate in the first year that a vehicle is used for business purposes. This means that they generally may not deduct actual expenses in the first year.  
  2. Taxpayers with leased vehicles must use one method only for the entire lease period. For example, if they choose to use the standard mileage rate in the first year, they must continue to use the standard mileage rate for the entire lease period. 


Overall, understanding the 2024 IRS mileage rates is essential for anyone who uses their vehicle for business, medical, moving, or charitable purposes. These rates simplify the process of claiming deductions, managing costs, and ensuring compliance with tax regulations. It’s advisable to keep detailed records of your mileage. Also, consult with a tax professional to maximize your deductions and stay up to date with any changes in tax laws or rates. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations. 

If You Need Tax Help, Contact Us Today for a Free Consultation 

How Does Self-Employment Tax Work? 

how does self-employment tax work

Self-employment can be a rewarding path, providing individuals with the autonomy to pursue their passions and build their own businesses. However, one aspect of self-employment that often catches people off guard is the self-employment tax. Unlike traditional employees who have taxes withheld from their paychecks, self-employed individuals must navigate a complex landscape of tax obligations. In this article, we will explore what self-employment tax is, how it is calculated, and essential tips for managing this financial responsibility. 

What is Self-Employment Tax? 

Self-employment tax is a contribution to Social Security and Medicare for individuals who work for themselves. While employees typically have these taxes withheld from their paychecks, self-employed individuals are responsible for both the employer and employee portions. This means that self-employed individuals must cover 15.3% of their net earnings for these two programs. In other words, 15.3% of your business profit is taxed to cover self-employment taxes.  

Breaking Down the Components 

  • Social Security: In 2023, the Social Security portion of the self-employment tax is 12.4%, with the first $160,200 of net income subject to this tax. Earnings beyond this threshold are not subject to the Social Security portion of the self-employment tax. In 2024, the threshold is capped at $168,600.  
  • Medicare: The Medicare portion is 2.9% of net earnings. Unlike Social Security, there is no income cap for Medicare tax. In other words, all net earnings are subject to the 2.9% tax. 
  • Additional Medicare Tax: For higher-income individuals, an additional 0.9% Medicare tax may apply to earnings exceeding $200,000 for single filers, heads of household, or qualifying surviving spouses with dependent children. For married couples filing jointly, this amount increases to $250,000. If you are married filing separately, you’ll pay the additional Medicare tax on earnings that exceed $125,000. 

Calculating Self-Employment Tax 

To calculate self-employment tax, you’ll first need to determine your net earnings with Schedule SE, Self-Employment Tax. This is your total income from self-employment minus allowable business expenses. Once you have your net earnings, multiply that amount by 15.3% to find the total self-employment tax due. While you will owe 15.3% of your net earnings for self-employment tax, you can deduct the “employer-equivalent portion” on your income tax return.  

For example, if you find that you owe $3,000 in self-employment tax, you will be required to pay the full amount during the year. When you file your annual tax return, you can deduct $1,500 on your 1040. Be sure to also look into other tax deductions for small businesses to minimize your tax liability.  

Managing Self-Employment Tax 

Having your own business puts you on the hook for making sure you’re staying up to date with your financial and tax obligations. Beside managing the operations side of your business, you’ll have several items to keep in mind for self-employment tax. 

  1. Quarterly Estimated Tax Payments: Since self-employed individuals don’t have taxes withheld from their income throughout the year, it’s crucial to make quarterly estimated tax payments to the IRS. Failure to do so may result in penalties. 
  1. Keep Accurate Records: Maintain detailed records of your business income and expenses. This not only helps you accurately calculate your self-employment tax but also ensures you can take advantage of all eligible deductions. 
  1. Explore Deductions: Self-employed individuals can deduct certain business expenses from their income, reducing their taxable net earnings. Common deductions include home office expenses, business-related travel, and health insurance premiums. 

Given the complexity of self-employment tax rules, it’s advisable to consult a tax professional. They can help you navigate the intricacies of tax laws, identify eligible deductions, and ensure compliance. 


Self-employment tax is an essential consideration for individuals working independently. Understanding its components, calculating the tax accurately, and managing financial responsibilities through proper record-keeping and strategic planning are key to a successful self-employed journey. By staying informed and seeking professional advice when needed, individuals can confidently navigate the maze of self-employment tax and focus on building a thriving business. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations. 

If You Need Tax Help, Contact Us Today for a Free Consultation 

Tax Deductions for Small Businesses

Tax Deductions for Small Businesses

Small businesses are the backbone of any economy, and entrepreneurs often face numerous challenges in managing their finances. One area where small business owners can find relief is through strategic tax planning and taking advantage of available tax deductions. In this article, we will define tax deductions and explore various tax deductions that can help small businesses save money and thrive in a competitive market. 

What are Tax Deductions? 

Tax deductions are expenses that individuals or businesses can subtract from their taxable income to reduce the amount of income subject to taxation. Deductions lower your overall taxable income, which can result in a lower tax liability. In general, you can deduct business expenses that are considered both ordinary and necessary. Ordinary means that it is a common expense widely accepted in your industry or trade. Necessary means that it is appropriate for your business.  

Vehicle Expenses 

For small businesses that rely on vehicles for daily operations, there are tax deductions available for vehicle-related expenses. This includes deductions for business mileage, fuel costs, maintenance and repairs, insurance, and even depreciation on the vehicle. Business owners can choose between using two methods. The simpler involves deducting the standard mileage rate of 67 cents per mile. Alternatively, you could calculate the actual expenses incurred, then calculate the percentage of business use of the vehicle to find out how much of those expenses qualify for a deduction. Keeping detailed records of business-related vehicle usage is essential to accurately claim these deductions. Additionally, if the business owns the vehicle, depreciation over its useful life can be deducted as a business expense. 

Depreciation of Business Assets 

When a small business purchases assets like equipment, machinery, or vehicles, they can benefit from depreciation deductions. This allows businesses to recover the cost of these assets over time, providing a gradual tax benefit for capital investments. In order to use depreciation, the asset must be used in your business or product income. It must be expected to last more than a year and it must be something that becomes worn over time. However, it does exclude property bought and disposed of in the same year, inventory, land, and repair and maintenance expenses that don’t increase the value of your asset. 

Section 179 Deduction 

Section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code allows small businesses to deduct the full purchase price of qualifying equipment and software in the year it is placed in service, rather than depreciating it over several years. This deduction is particularly valuable for businesses looking to invest in essential equipment. For assets placed in service in 2024, the maximum Section 179 deduction you can take is $1.22 million. Eligible equipment ranges from computers to machinery to livestock to some vehicles.  

Bonus Depreciation 

Bonus depreciation is an additional incentive for small businesses to recover the cost of qualifying assets faster. This provision allows businesses to deduct a higher percentage of the cost of eligible property in the year it is placed in service. Bonus depreciation is particularly advantageous for businesses that make significant capital investments, as it accelerates the depreciation deduction. Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, bonus depreciation has been expanded. It now includes both new and used qualified property. However, the percentage you can claim is reducing each year until it reaches 0% in 2027. For the 2024 tax year, you can deduct 60%. This presents an excellent opportunity for small businesses to offset income with substantial deductions, promoting investment and growth. 

Home Office Deduction 

Many small business owners operate their enterprises from home. The home office deduction allows eligible businesses to deduct a portion of their home-related expenses, such as mortgage interest, property taxes, utilities, and rent. Alternatively, you can deduct $5 per square foot of exclusive business use of your home, for a maximum of 300 square feet or $1,500. To qualify, the home office must be used exclusively for business purposes. For instance, your “office” cannot also be your dining room where you also eat dinner every night. 

Insurance Premiums 

Small businesses often incur expenses related to insurance coverage, and many of these premiums are deductible as business expenses. Including insurance premiums in your tax planning can contribute to significant savings. Some key types of insurance premiums that may be eligible for deductions include liability insurance, health insurance, business vehicle insurance.  

Startup Expenses 

Launching a new business involves various initial costs, known as startup expenses. You can deduct up to $5,000 in startup expenses incurred in the most recent tax year. These costs typically include legal fees, adverting, travel, and training. 


Small businesses are subject to various taxes, and understanding which taxes are deductible can significantly impact their overall tax liability. Business owners can deduct business property taxes, real estate taxes, and sales and excise taxes.  

Legal and Professional Fees 

Small businesses often require legal and professional services to navigate complex regulations, contracts, and various business matters. The good news is that the expenses incurred for these services are generally deductible as ordinary and necessary business expenses. 

Qualified Business Income Deduction (QBI) 

The QBI deduction, introduced by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, allows eligible small businesses to deduct up to 20% of their qualified business income. This deduction is subject to certain limitations but can be a valuable tax-saving strategy for many small businesses. 

Rent Expenses 

For small businesses that operate from leased premises, rent expenses are a significant aspect of their financial obligations. Fortunately, rent payments are generally deductible as ordinary and necessary business expenses. This deduction applies to various types of business properties, including office spaces, retail locations, and manufacturing facilities. 

Phone and Internet Expenses 

In the digital age, phone and internet services are essential for small businesses to stay connected, communicate with clients, and conduct daily operations. Deducting expenses related to phone and internet services can help businesses manage their costs effectively. If you use your phone or internet for personal use also, be sure to only deduct the business-use percentage. 

Meals and Travel 

Small businesses often engage in activities that involve meals and travel, and these expenses are generally deductible as long as they are business-related. Examples can include attending a weekend conference or meeting a client for lunch and paying the bill. Limitations apply and proper documentation and adherence to tax regulations are essential for claiming these deductions. 

Employee Compensation 

Small businesses can benefit from tax deductions related to employee compensation, including salaries, wages, and bonuses. It also includes payroll taxes and fringe benefits, like health insurance, sick pay, and vacation pay. Employee compensation refers to money paid to both W-2 employees and independent contractors who receive Form 1099-NEC. It’s crucial for business owners to understand and leverage these deductions to attract and retain talented employees while optimizing their tax position. 

Office Supplies 

Small businesses often overlook the deduction potential of everyday office supplies, but these expenses can add up over the course of the year. Deducting the cost of office supplies, including paper, printers, computers, and others, can help businesses manage their budget effectively. 

Tax Help for Small Businesses 

Navigating the complexities of tax deductions can be challenging for small business owners, but understanding and leveraging available deductions can lead to substantial savings. It’s crucial for entrepreneurs to stay informed about changes in tax laws, consult with tax professionals, and maintain accurate records to ensure they maximize their tax deductions while remaining compliant with regulations. By strategically utilizing these deductions, small businesses can not only reduce their tax burden but also reinvest those savings into the growth and success of their enterprises. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations. 

If You Need Tax Help, Contact Us Today for a Free Consultation 

8 Pieces of Advice from a Tax Professional

8 Pieces of Advice from a Tax Professional

Tax season is approaching, and it can be a daunting time for many individuals and businesses alike. Navigating the complex landscape of tax regulations and ensuring compliance can be overwhelming. Fortunately, tax professionals, like those at Optima Tax Relief, are here to provide expert guidance and assistance. We spoke to three of our long-standing tax professionals about actions taxpayers can take (or avoid) to improve their tax situations. Vice President of Resolution and Lead Tax Attorney, Philip Hwang, Director of Resolution, Carlos Maggi, and Audit Tax Professional, Rafael Garcia, draw on their wealth of experience and offer eight invaluable pieces of advice to help you navigate the intricacies of tax season.

If You Own a Business, Treat the IRS Like a Silent Partner

The IRS is your silent business partner. That said, always remember to save a percentage of your earnings in order to keep your business partner happy! In other words, set aside and pay your estimated tax payments. Also make sure you keep well organized income and expense records. The more organized you are with your expense records, the less you pay your silent partner, the IRS.

Make Sure You’re Withholding Enough Taxes

Make sure you are withholding the proper amount or making the correct amount of estimated tax payments for both federal and state. That is unless you live in a state with no income tax. If you owe taxes year after year, it is time to increase your withholdings or estimated tax payments. Set aside additional withholdings from retirement distributions. Most retirement plans withhold the bare minimum required by law. However, this amount is usually not enough to cover most taxpayers’ resultant tax liability. 

Pay Down Your Tax Balance ASAP

Interest will continue to compound and accrue on your tax debt until it is paid in full. As such, make every effort to pay your balance off. If you have the affordability, make voluntary payments even if you are on an installment agreement. Any amount above your installment agreement payment will help save you interest in the long run. The quicker you pay off your balance, the less interest you will pay. 

Always File Your Tax Return on Time

File your returns on time, regardless of whether you owe or will get a refund. If you owe, the IRS will charge you a failure to file penalty of 5% of the amount owed on the return for every month the return is late. The penalty caps out at 25% of your total balance. If you are due a refund, you have three years from the date the return was due to claim the refund. If you don’t claim it within this timeframe, you lose it. 

Don’t Be Tempted to Stretch Items on Your Tax Return

Be accurate when preparing returns. It may be tempting to stretch to claim additional credits as well as deductions, but it’s not worth the accuracy penalties or stress during an examination. Keep your tax returns and all supporting documentation for at least 3 years after filing. If you are audited, you will be prepared to provide all your information to your representative. 

Take Tax Planning Seriously

Tax planning is the best legal strategy to lower your tax liability. If you strategically plan your taxes, you can not only reduce your tax liability but also ensure you comply with tax laws and regulations. This will help you avoid penalties, fines and any future legal issues.  Working with a trusted tax professional is always highly recommended. 

Let Your Tax Professional Handle the IRS

If you hire a representative, refer any IRS agents to your representative when they contact you. Do not allow the agent to pressure you into making decisions or providing information without first consulting your representative. It is your right as a taxpayer to have representation. Additionally, do not contact the IRS without your representative’s knowledge as you may inadvertently cause delays to your account. 

Do Something

A lot of tax issues are time sensitive. The sooner you act or find help, the better off you will be in getting optimal outcomes. Don’t lose out on the key taxpayer’s right to appeal and more importantly, act today to mitigate those failure to pay penalties and compounding daily interest. Taxes can be a daunting topic, but action is the first key step in setting yourself up for success.

Tax Help from Optima Tax Relief

Tax season doesn’t have to be a source of stress and anxiety. By following the advice of Optima Tax Relief tax professionals, you can navigate the complexities of the tax landscape with confidence. From staying organized and honest to seeking professional advice from a tax professional and taking tax planning seriously, these tips can help ensure a smoother and more successful tax season for individuals and businesses alike. Remember, the key to financial success during tax season lies in preparation, knowledge, and proactive decision-making. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations.

If You Need Tax Help, Contact Us Today for a Free Consultation

This content is made available for informational and educational purposes only. Nothing included in the content should be taken as a guarantee, warranty, prediction, or representation about your specific situation. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice and services. We encourage you to consult with a tax professional to discuss your specific tax matters. Individual results may vary. We do not provide tax, financial, bankruptcy, accounting, or legal advice and nothing contained in this content is intended nor shall be construed as such.

Optima Tax Relief is a tax resolution firm independent from the IRS.