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How Does Self-Employment Tax Work? 

how does self-employment tax work

Self-employment can be a rewarding path, providing individuals with the autonomy to pursue their passions and build their own businesses. However, one aspect of self-employment that often catches people off guard is the self-employment tax. Unlike traditional employees who have taxes withheld from their paychecks, self-employed individuals must navigate a complex landscape of tax obligations. In this article, we will explore what self-employment tax is, how it is calculated, and essential tips for managing this financial responsibility. 

What is Self-Employment Tax? 

Self-employment tax is a contribution to Social Security and Medicare for individuals who work for themselves. While employees typically have these taxes withheld from their paychecks, self-employed individuals are responsible for both the employer and employee portions. This means that self-employed individuals must cover 15.3% of their net earnings for these two programs. In other words, 15.3% of your business profit is taxed to cover self-employment taxes.  

Breaking Down the Components 

  • Social Security: In 2023, the Social Security portion of the self-employment tax is 12.4%, with the first $160,200 of net income subject to this tax. Earnings beyond this threshold are not subject to the Social Security portion of the self-employment tax. In 2024, the threshold is capped at $168,600.  
  • Medicare: The Medicare portion is 2.9% of net earnings. Unlike Social Security, there is no income cap for Medicare tax. In other words, all net earnings are subject to the 2.9% tax. 
  • Additional Medicare Tax: For higher-income individuals, an additional 0.9% Medicare tax may apply to earnings exceeding $200,000 for single filers, heads of household, or qualifying surviving spouses with dependent children. For married couples filing jointly, this amount increases to $250,000. If you are married filing separately, you’ll pay the additional Medicare tax on earnings that exceed $125,000. 

Calculating Self-Employment Tax 

To calculate self-employment tax, you’ll first need to determine your net earnings with Schedule SE, Self-Employment Tax. This is your total income from self-employment minus allowable business expenses. Once you have your net earnings, multiply that amount by 15.3% to find the total self-employment tax due. While you will owe 15.3% of your net earnings for self-employment tax, you can deduct the “employer-equivalent portion” on your income tax return.  

For example, if you find that you owe $3,000 in self-employment tax, you will be required to pay the full amount during the year. When you file your annual tax return, you can deduct $1,500 on your 1040. Be sure to also look into other tax deductions for small businesses to minimize your tax liability.  

Managing Self-Employment Tax 

Having your own business puts you on the hook for making sure you’re staying up to date with your financial and tax obligations. Beside managing the operations side of your business, you’ll have several items to keep in mind for self-employment tax. 

  1. Quarterly Estimated Tax Payments: Since self-employed individuals don’t have taxes withheld from their income throughout the year, it’s crucial to make quarterly estimated tax payments to the IRS. Failure to do so may result in penalties. 
  1. Keep Accurate Records: Maintain detailed records of your business income and expenses. This not only helps you accurately calculate your self-employment tax but also ensures you can take advantage of all eligible deductions. 
  1. Explore Deductions: Self-employed individuals can deduct certain business expenses from their income, reducing their taxable net earnings. Common deductions include home office expenses, business-related travel, and health insurance premiums. 

Given the complexity of self-employment tax rules, it’s advisable to consult a tax professional. They can help you navigate the intricacies of tax laws, identify eligible deductions, and ensure compliance. 


Self-employment tax is an essential consideration for individuals working independently. Understanding its components, calculating the tax accurately, and managing financial responsibilities through proper record-keeping and strategic planning are key to a successful self-employed journey. By staying informed and seeking professional advice when needed, individuals can confidently navigate the maze of self-employment tax and focus on building a thriving business. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations. 

If You Need Tax Help, Contact Us Today for a Free Consultation 

Tax Deductions for Small Businesses

Tax Deductions for Small Businesses

Small businesses are the backbone of any economy, and entrepreneurs often face numerous challenges in managing their finances. One area where small business owners can find relief is through strategic tax planning and taking advantage of available tax deductions. In this article, we will define tax deductions and explore various tax deductions that can help small businesses save money and thrive in a competitive market. 

What are Tax Deductions? 

Tax deductions are expenses that individuals or businesses can subtract from their taxable income to reduce the amount of income subject to taxation. Deductions lower your overall taxable income, which can result in a lower tax liability. In general, you can deduct business expenses that are considered both ordinary and necessary. Ordinary means that it is a common expense widely accepted in your industry or trade. Necessary means that it is appropriate for your business.  

Vehicle Expenses 

For small businesses that rely on vehicles for daily operations, there are tax deductions available for vehicle-related expenses. This includes deductions for business mileage, fuel costs, maintenance and repairs, insurance, and even depreciation on the vehicle. Business owners can choose between using two methods. The simpler involves deducting the standard mileage rate of 67 cents per mile. Alternatively, you could calculate the actual expenses incurred, then calculate the percentage of business use of the vehicle to find out how much of those expenses qualify for a deduction. Keeping detailed records of business-related vehicle usage is essential to accurately claim these deductions. Additionally, if the business owns the vehicle, depreciation over its useful life can be deducted as a business expense. 

Depreciation of Business Assets 

When a small business purchases assets like equipment, machinery, or vehicles, they can benefit from depreciation deductions. This allows businesses to recover the cost of these assets over time, providing a gradual tax benefit for capital investments. In order to use depreciation, the asset must be used in your business or product income. It must be expected to last more than a year and it must be something that becomes worn over time. However, it does exclude property bought and disposed of in the same year, inventory, land, and repair and maintenance expenses that don’t increase the value of your asset. 

Section 179 Deduction 

Section 179 of the Internal Revenue Code allows small businesses to deduct the full purchase price of qualifying equipment and software in the year it is placed in service, rather than depreciating it over several years. This deduction is particularly valuable for businesses looking to invest in essential equipment. For assets placed in service in 2024, the maximum Section 179 deduction you can take is $1.22 million. Eligible equipment ranges from computers to machinery to livestock to some vehicles.  

Bonus Depreciation 

Bonus depreciation is an additional incentive for small businesses to recover the cost of qualifying assets faster. This provision allows businesses to deduct a higher percentage of the cost of eligible property in the year it is placed in service. Bonus depreciation is particularly advantageous for businesses that make significant capital investments, as it accelerates the depreciation deduction. Under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, bonus depreciation has been expanded. It now includes both new and used qualified property. However, the percentage you can claim is reducing each year until it reaches 0% in 2027. For the 2024 tax year, you can deduct 60%. This presents an excellent opportunity for small businesses to offset income with substantial deductions, promoting investment and growth. 

Home Office Deduction 

Many small business owners operate their enterprises from home. The home office deduction allows eligible businesses to deduct a portion of their home-related expenses, such as mortgage interest, property taxes, utilities, and rent. Alternatively, you can deduct $5 per square foot of exclusive business use of your home, for a maximum of 300 square feet or $1,500. To qualify, the home office must be used exclusively for business purposes. For instance, your “office” cannot also be your dining room where you also eat dinner every night. 

Insurance Premiums 

Small businesses often incur expenses related to insurance coverage, and many of these premiums are deductible as business expenses. Including insurance premiums in your tax planning can contribute to significant savings. Some key types of insurance premiums that may be eligible for deductions include liability insurance, health insurance, business vehicle insurance.  

Startup Expenses 

Launching a new business involves various initial costs, known as startup expenses. You can deduct up to $5,000 in startup expenses incurred in the most recent tax year. These costs typically include legal fees, adverting, travel, and training. 


Small businesses are subject to various taxes, and understanding which taxes are deductible can significantly impact their overall tax liability. Business owners can deduct business property taxes, real estate taxes, and sales and excise taxes.  

Legal and Professional Fees 

Small businesses often require legal and professional services to navigate complex regulations, contracts, and various business matters. The good news is that the expenses incurred for these services are generally deductible as ordinary and necessary business expenses. 

Qualified Business Income Deduction (QBI) 

The QBI deduction, introduced by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, allows eligible small businesses to deduct up to 20% of their qualified business income. This deduction is subject to certain limitations but can be a valuable tax-saving strategy for many small businesses. 

Rent Expenses 

For small businesses that operate from leased premises, rent expenses are a significant aspect of their financial obligations. Fortunately, rent payments are generally deductible as ordinary and necessary business expenses. This deduction applies to various types of business properties, including office spaces, retail locations, and manufacturing facilities. 

Phone and Internet Expenses 

In the digital age, phone and internet services are essential for small businesses to stay connected, communicate with clients, and conduct daily operations. Deducting expenses related to phone and internet services can help businesses manage their costs effectively. If you use your phone or internet for personal use also, be sure to only deduct the business-use percentage. 

Meals and Travel 

Small businesses often engage in activities that involve meals and travel, and these expenses are generally deductible as long as they are business-related. Examples can include attending a weekend conference or meeting a client for lunch and paying the bill. Limitations apply and proper documentation and adherence to tax regulations are essential for claiming these deductions. 

Employee Compensation 

Small businesses can benefit from tax deductions related to employee compensation, including salaries, wages, and bonuses. It also includes payroll taxes and fringe benefits, like health insurance, sick pay, and vacation pay. Employee compensation refers to money paid to both W-2 employees and independent contractors who receive Form 1099-NEC. It’s crucial for business owners to understand and leverage these deductions to attract and retain talented employees while optimizing their tax position. 

Office Supplies 

Small businesses often overlook the deduction potential of everyday office supplies, but these expenses can add up over the course of the year. Deducting the cost of office supplies, including paper, printers, computers, and others, can help businesses manage their budget effectively. 

Tax Help for Small Businesses 

Navigating the complexities of tax deductions can be challenging for small business owners, but understanding and leveraging available deductions can lead to substantial savings. It’s crucial for entrepreneurs to stay informed about changes in tax laws, consult with tax professionals, and maintain accurate records to ensure they maximize their tax deductions while remaining compliant with regulations. By strategically utilizing these deductions, small businesses can not only reduce their tax burden but also reinvest those savings into the growth and success of their enterprises. Optima Tax Relief is the nation’s leading tax resolution firm with over a decade of experience helping taxpayers with tough tax situations. 

If You Need Tax Help, Contact Us Today for a Free Consultation 

Types of Loans for Small Businesses

Types of Loans for Small Businesses

Small business loans can be helpful and sometimes necessary in order to continue or expand a business. There are several types of loans available to small businesses, each with their own sets of pros and cons. 

Term Loans 

One of the most common types of loans for small businesses, a term loan is a lump sum of funds that is paid back over a fixed term and typically via fixed monthly payments. Interest will be paid on top of the principal balance borrowed. Sometimes it’s at higher rates than those offered by a traditional bank. However, it is a popular loan because funding is quick and it offers opportunities for business expansion.  

Small Business Administration (SBA) Loans 

SBA loans are offered by banks and lenders but administered by the Small Business Administration, a government agency that provides support to small businesses. Some business owners will prefer this type of loan since it’s backed by the government. It also offers high borrowing amounts at low rates and has long repayment terms. On the other hand, it’s harder to qualify for and it comes with a long and tedious application process.  

Business Lines of Credit 

Like a regular credit card, a business line of credit gives business owners access to a credit line of a certain limit, which is usually determined by business revenue and credit. Interest is only paid on the money charged, allowing greater flexibility in cash flow. This type of loan may also require paying additional account maintenance fees. 

Equipment Loans 

Businesses that want to own equipment can look into obtaining an equipment loan, which allows them to pay for business equipment over a specific term. The equipment will then serve as collateral for the loan. Sometimes a down payment is required for this loan.  


Microloans are small loans usually offered by nonprofits or government agencies and loan business owners up to $50,000. They are popular among startups and businesses located in disadvantaged cities. Some of these loans are accompanied by mentoring or consulting from the loan provider as well. 

Invoice Factoring  

This service allows businesses to sell their unpaid invoices to lenders to collect on. In return, the business will receive a percentage of the invoice value. This can benefit businesses that are awaiting payment from customers but need cash immediately.  

Invoice Financing 

Similar to invoice factoring, invoice financing allows businesses to sell their unpaid invoices as collateral in order to receive a cash advance. In this case, the business is still responsible for collecting payments from their customers in order to repay the amount financed.  

Tax Debt Relief for Small Businesses 

There are several loan options available to small businesses, whether they are a startup in need of fast cash, or an established business looking to expand. It is essential for small businesses to ensure that they are compliant with all tax laws in order to keep their business going. If you need tax help, give us a call at 800-536-0734 for a free consultation today.